The HTMLOutputElement interface provides properties and methods (beyond those inherited from HTMLElement) for manipulating the layout and presentation of <output> elements.


This interface also inherits properties from its parent, HTMLElement.

DOMString representing the default value of the element, initially the empty string.
HTMLOutputElement.formRead only
An HTMLFormElement indicating the form associated with the control, reflecting the form HTML attribute if it is defined.
HTMLOutputElement.htmlForRead only
A DOMTokenList reflecting the for HTML attribute, containing a list of IDs of other elements in the same document that contribute to (or otherwise affect) the calculated value.
HTMLOutputElement.labelsRead only
A NodeList of <label> elements associated with the element.
DOMString reflecting the name HTML attribute, containing the name for the control that is submitted with form data.
HTMLOutputElement.typeRead only
The DOMString "output".
HTMLOutputElement.validationMessageRead only
DOMString representing a localized message that describes the validation constraints that the control does not satisfy (if any). This is the empty string if the control is not a candidate for constraint validation (willValidate is false), or it satisfies its constraints.
HTMLOutputElement.validityRead only
ValidityState representing the validity states that this element is in.
A DOMString representing the value of the contents of the elements. Behaves like the Node.textContent property.
HTMLOutputElement.willValidateRead only
A Boolean indicating whether the element is a candidate for constraint validation.


This interface also inherits methods from its parent, HTMLElement.

Checks the validity of the element and returns a Boolean holding the check result.
Triggers an invalid event and evaluates its result. if the result is true, then the problems with the constraints of this element are reported to the user. When the problem is reported, the user agent may focus the element and change the scrolling position of the document or perform some other action that brings the element to the user's attention. User agents may report more than one constraint violation if this element suffers from multiple problems at once. If the element is not rendered, then the user agent may report the error for the running script instead of notifying the user.
Sets a custom validity message for the element. If this message is not the empty string, then the element is suffering from a custom validity error, and does not validate.


This element behaves in one of two modes: default mode and value mode.

Default mode

Initially, the element is in default mode, and so the contents of the element represent both the value of the element and its default value.

If the element is in default mode when the descendants of the element are changed in any way, the defaultValue property is set to the value of the textContent property.

Resetting the form puts the element into default mode, and sets the textContent property to the value of the defaultValue property.

Value mode

The element goes into value mode when the contents of the value property are set. The value property otherwise behaves like the textContent property. When the element is in value mode, the default value is accessible only through the defaultValue property.


Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLOutputElement' in that specification.
Living Standard No change
HTML 5.1
The definition of 'HTMLOutputElement' in that specification.
Recommendation No change
The definition of 'HTMLOutputElement' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) 4.0 (2.0) No support (Yes) 5.1
labels (Yes) No support 56 (56)[1] ? ? ?
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) 4.0 (2.0) (Yes) (Yes) No support
labels (Yes) No support 56.0 (56)[1] ? ? No support

[1] Implemented in bug 556743.

See also

  • The HTML element implementing this interface: <output>.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: Sebastianz,